EORI stands for “Economic Operator Registration and Identification.” It is a unique registration and identification number assigned to economic operators engaging in import or export activities within the European Union (EU). The EORI number is used to identify businesses and individuals involved in customs transactions, enabling customs authorities to track and monitor the movement of goods across EU borders.

EORI numbers are essential for customs declarations, customs clearance, and other import and export processes within the EU. They help streamline customs procedures, enhance security, and ensure compliance with EU customs regulations. Economic operators need to obtain an EORI number from the customs authorities in their respective EU member states before engaging in international trade activities involving EU countries. This number is then used in all customs documentation and communications related to the movement of goods in and out of the EU.